Teeth serve many purposes. They help in digestion and also help to shape one's facial appearance, especially when they smile. However, as important as they are, teeth are susceptible to several problems, which can lead to their loss. Fortunately, most of these diseases are preventable and curable. Here are the foremost common dental issues:

1.   Tooth decay

Tooth decay occurs when bacteria settle on a tooth through plaque. The bacteria produce an acid that slowly destroys the tooth enamel to form holes. The bacteria become prevalent after eating starches or granular materials, and it is, therefore, advisable to limit the intake of those two. When you notice tooth decay in a child or your teeth, call an emergency dentist right away for assistance.

2.   Teeth sensitivity

You know your teeth are sensitive when you feel discomfort or pain after having hot or cold beverages and food. Also known as dentin hypersensitivity, tooth sensitivity occurs temporarily after a root filling or root canal. It can even happen due to a cracked tooth, gum disease, or worn-out fillings. Some people experience teeth sensitivity naturally due to their thinner enamel. There are specific mouthwashes and toothpaste for sensitive teeth.

3.   Grinding and clenching

Teeth grinding is known as bruxism. It happens due to stress, misaligned teeth, and sleep issues. Both kids and adults can experience teeth clenching. Bruxism can loosen or crack your teeth, and it can cause headaches and sore jaws. If you clench your teeth at night, look for a dentist to fit a mouthguard in the teeth. If you experience it during the day, exercise, meditate and look for other ways to prevent stress.

4.   Dry mouth

It is natural for anyone's mouth to get dry at some point. However, when your mouth stays dry for an extended period, it might be useful to see emergency dentists. Certain health conditions and medications can result in a dry mouth. Your dentist will conduct a test to find out the real cause of the dryness and prescribe the right medications.

5.   Oral cancer

Oral cancer affects the lips, tongue, gum tissue, or even the throat. Often, the disease starts as a small, unnoticed red or white spot anywhere in the throat or mouth. During your regular dental visits, your dentist will examine your mouth and give you the right advice. The main symptoms of mouth cancer are sores that do not heal a roughened area in the mouth, pain, numbness, and tenderness.

It is a lifelong commitment to maintain healthy oral hygiene. When you practice everyday oral hygiene habits such as flossing and brushing, you will avoid the long term health issues. However, if you experience any of the above diseases, visit an emergency dentist for more advice and treatment.